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Health Benefits Of Peppers

Health benefits of peppers

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Peppers are exceptionally rich in vitamin C, and also contain other vitamins and minerals such as vitamins K1, E, and A, folate, and potassium.

Key Takeaways

1. Peppers are particularly rich in vitamin C, as well as vitamin K1, E, and A, folate, and potassium.

2. They are full of carotenoids, which are responsible for giving bell peppers their distinct colouring.

3. They have been associated with improved metabolism, digestion, mood, memory, and vascular health.

Nutritional Content of Peppers 

Different types of peppers contain varying amounts of nutrients and antioxidants, but bell peppers have 20 kcal in 100g, and 97% of the recommended dietary allowance of vitamin C. 100g of grams of red chilli pepper has a large amount of vitamin C, equivalent to about 5x the amount in orange, and an abundance of vitamin A.

Health Benefits of Peppers 

Peppers are full of antioxidants and carotenoids. Carotenoids give bell peppers their distinct coloring and are eventually transformed into vitamin A by the body. Peppers also contain capsaicin, which is believed to boost metabolism and improve vascular health. Other studies have shown that peppers release endorphins, improve digestion, stimulate salivation, and more. Research has also stated that the bioactive and antioxidant properties of peppers can be linked to cancer and disease prevention. Lastly, peppers have a high folate content, so ingestion can help to improve mood and memory.


Deepa, N., et al. “Antioxidant activity in some red sweet pepper cultivars.” Journal of Food Composition and Analysis19.6-7 (2006): 572-578.

Imran, Muhammad, Masood Sadiq Butt, and Hafiz Ansar Rasul Suleria. “Capsicum annuum Bioactive Compounds: Health Promotion Perspectives.” Bioactive Molecules in Food(2019): 159-180.

Kelly, G. S. “Folates: supplemental forms and therapeutic applications.” Alternative medicine review: a journal of clinical therapeutic 3.3 (1998): 208-220.

McCarty MF, DiNicolantonio JJ, O’Keefe JHCapsaicin may have important potential for promoting vascular and metabolic health open Heart 2015;2:e000262. doi: 10.1136/openhrt-2015-000262

Nadeem, Muhammad, et al. “Antioxidant potential of bell pepper (Capsicum annum L.) a review.” Pakistan Journal of Food Science 21.1-4 (2011): 45-51.

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